(On Tue, Jul 30, 2013 at 1:08 PM, U.S. Census Bureau)
September 1968, Congress authorized President Lyndon B. Johnson to proclaim National
Hispanic Heritage Week, observed during the week that included Sept. 15 and Sept.
16. The observance was expanded in 1989 by Congress to a month long celebration
(Sept. 15 - Oct. 15), America celebrates the culture and traditions of those who
trace their roots to Spain, Mexico and the Spanish-speaking nations of Central
America, South America and the Caribbean.
Sept. 15 was chosen as the starting
point for the celebration because it is the anniversary of independence of five
Latin American countries: Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras and Nicaragua.
In addition, Mexico and Chile celebrate their independence days on Sept. 16 and
Sept. 18, respectively.
million The Hispanic population of the United States as of July 1, 2012, making
people of Hispanic origin the nation's largest ethnic or racial minority. Hispanics
constituted 17 percent of the nation's total population.
Number of Hispanics added to the nation's population between July 1, 2011, and
July 1, 2012. This number is close to half of the approximately 2.3 million people
added to the nation's population during this period.
increase in the Hispanic population between 2011 and 2012.
The projected Hispanic population of the United States in 2060. According to this
projection, the Hispanic population will constitute 31 percent of the nation's
population by that date.
2nd Ranking of the size of the U.S. Hispanic
population worldwide, as of 2010. Only Mexico (112 million) had a larger Hispanic
population than the United States (50.5 million).
65% The percentage
of Hispanic-origin people in the United States who were of Mexican background
in 2011. Another 9.4 percent were of Puerto Rican background, 3.8 percent Salvadoran,
3.6 percent Cuban, 3.0 percent Dominican and 2.3 percent Guatemalan. The remainder
was of some other Central American, South American or other Hispanic/Latino origin.
States and Counties
Florida The state
with the highest median age, 34, within the Hispanic population.
million The estimated population for those of Hispanic-origin in Texas as
of July 1, 2012.
8 The number of states with a population of 1
million or more Hispanic residents in 2012 - Arizona, California, Colorado, Florida,
Illinois, New Jersey, New York and Texas.
More than 50% The percent
of all the Hispanic population that lived in California, Florida, and Texas as
of July 1, 2012.
47% The percentage of New Mexico's population
that was Hispanic as of July 1, 2012, the highest of any state.
million The Hispanic population of California. This is the largest Hispanic
population of any state as well as the largest numeric increase within the Hispanic
population since July 1, 2011 (232,000).
4.8 million The Hispanic
population of Los Angeles County, Calif., in 2012. This is the highest of any
county and the largest numeric increase since 2012 (55,000).
Number of states in which Hispanics were the largest minority group. These states
were Arizona, California, Colorado, Connecticut, Florida, Idaho, Illinois, Iowa,
Kansas, Massachusetts, Nebraska, Nevada, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New Mexico,
Oregon, Rhode Island, Texas, Utah, Washington and Wyoming.
11.6 million The number of Hispanic family households
in the United States in 2012.
62.3% The percentage of Hispanic
family households that were married couple households in 2012.
The percentage of Hispanic married-couple households that had children younger
than 18 present in 2012.
65.7% Percentage of Hispanic children
living with two parents in 2012.
45.3% Percentage of Hispanic married
couples with children under 18 where both spouses were employed in 2012. Spanish
37.6 million The number of U.S. residents 5 and older
who spoke Spanish at home in 2011. This is a 117 percent increase since 1990 when
it was 17.3 million. Those who hablan espaņol en casa constituted 12.9 percent
of U.S. residents 5 and older. More than half of these Spanish speakers spoke
English "very well."
74.3% Percentage of Hispanics 5 and older
who spoke Spanish at home in 2011.
Income, Poverty and
$38,624 The median income of Hispanic households
25.3% The poverty rate among Hispanics in 2011, down from
26.5 percent in 2010
30.1% The percentage of Hispanics who lacked
health insurance in 2011.
The percentage of Hispanics 25 and older that had at least a high school education
13.2% The percentage of the Hispanic population 25 and
older with a bachelor's degree or higher in 2011.
3.7 million The
number of Hispanics 25 and older who had at least a bachelor's degree in 2011.
1.2 million Number of Hispanics 25 and older with advanced degrees
in 2011 (e.g., master's, professional, doctorate).
of students (both undergraduate and graduate students) enrolled in college in
2011who were Hispanic.
22.5% Percentage of elementary and high
school students that were Hispanic in 2011.
36.2% Percent of the Hispanic population that was foreign-born
67.4% Percentage of
Hispanics or Latinos 16 and older who were in the civilian labor force in 2011.
19.2% The percentage of civilian employed Hispanics or Latinos
16 and older who worked in management, business, science, and arts occupations
8.4% The percentage
of voters in the 2012 presidential election who were Hispanic. Hispanics comprised
7 percent of voters in 2010.
Serving our Country
million The number of Hispanics or Latinos 18 and older who are veterans of
the U.S. armed forces.
million The number of Hispanic-owned businesses in 2007, up 43.6 percent from
$350.7 billion Receipts generated by Hispanic-owned businesses
in 2007, up 58.0 percent from 2002.
23.7% The percentage of businesses
in New Mexico in 2007 that were Hispanic-owned, which led all states. Florida
(22.4 percent) and Texas (20.7 percent) were runners-up.
preceding data were collected from a variety of sources and may be subject to
sampling variability and other sources of error. Questions or comments should
be directed to the Census Bureau's Public Information Office: telephone: 301-763-3030;
fax: 301-763-3762; or e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org